“To the future or to the past, at a time when thought is free, when men are different from each other and do not live alone (…) at a time when truth exists and what is done cannot to be undone by the age of leveling, by the age of solitude, by the age of Big Brother, by the age of the Bispensiero “.
More than 70 years after its first publication, on June 8, 1949, we remember a masterpiece of world literature by the writer Orwell: 1984. The novel describes with a disturbing tone a probable and dystopian scenario of the future society in which a totalitarianism reigns from extreme and terrible appearances.
The world is divided into three warring superstates: Oceania, Eurasia and Estasia. Oceania, whose capital is London, is governed by Big Brother, who sees everything and knows everything. His eyes are the cameras that constantly spy on the houses, his arm the psychopolice that intervenes at the slightest suspicion. Everything is allowed, there is no written law. Nothing, apparently, is prohibited. Except thinking, loving and having fun. Love has the sole purpose of reproduction. Even the language has been completely purged of ambiguous, indefinite, heterodox terms, concepts that could develop any individual critical thinking.
All literary texts are rewritten according to Newspeak. History is erased because that of the party must be the only existing version of events. The only thought allowed is that of Socing. In this scenario Winston Smith, employed in the ministry of Truth and proofreader according to the dictates of the party, and Julia are intolerant of conditioning and will try to escape control. Intolerant of the single thought and in love with each other, they will decide to join a clandestine organization.
The only places that still do not seem contaminated by the regime are the countryside, described as an open and lively place, and the room where Winston and Julia meet, a welcoming place where it is still possible to find the privacy that, elsewhere, has been taken away. from television screens.
The social environment mirrors that of totalitarian regimes: Big Brother heads the nation, lower down are the Internal Party, the External Party and the mass of the population at the base.
In his book, the author sent several messages to the reader, especially regarding the increasingly invasive appearance of technology in human life, to which he risks becoming a slave. Winston and Julia are rudimentary figures because they are slowly learning, and at great personal risk, what it means to be men. The character is prophetic and the author with the power of writing intends to warn man against the nefarious element personified by dictatorships.